John and Mary McCauly


John McCauly was born June 24, 1798 in county Galway, Ireland.  The names of his parents are not known.  While still living in Ireland he married Mary Cummings.

Mary Cummings was born in Ireland On August 15, 1805.  Her parents were Michael Cummings and Mary Kelly Cummings.

John and Mary McCauly had at least six children.  Their oldest daughter was Margaret McCauly Duffy.  It is thought that the McCauly family arrived in the United States sometime in the mid 1830's, as a son who was 14 at the time of the 1850 census is listed as having been born in Maryland.  Patrick McCauly, possibly John's brother, and his family lived next to John and Mary in Illinois at the time of the 1850 census.  They also list children as having been born in Maryland as well as a 15 year old boy who was born in New York.  So it is probable that the two McCauly families came to the United States in the mid 1830's stopping first in New York and moving south to Maryland.  From there they apparently headed west to Illinois.  On August 24, 1839, John McCauly purchased 320 acres of land from the US government in Section 22, Township 3 South, Range 10 West in Monroe County for $1.25 /acre.

It appears that a number of Irish families who were probably related settled in Illinois in Monroe County in the late 1830's and early 1840's.  In addition to the McCauly's, the 1850 census of Monroe County lists several families from Ireland whose surnames were Cummings and Kelly.

John McCauly died in Monroe County, Illinois on Oct. 19, 1853.  He s buried in the Immaculate Conception Cemetery in Madonnaville, Illinois.  Mary McCauly died on September 5, 1880, in Monroe County.  She is also buried in the same Madonnaville cemetery as her husband.

Click the below links to view more data about this family.

John McCauly Tombstone          Mary McCauly Tombstone      

Will page 1,    Will page 2

Land application

Submitted by Gene Block: Note Anyone related to these families is welcome to contact me at